So many people want to quit smoking but they just keep giving up. Why is that? One reason is that smoking is very addictive. It’s easy to say you want to quit smoking and go through all of the steps to do so. However, it may be hard for you physically and emotionally to actually give up smoking.
For this reason, you really need to be prepared to quit. You need to know exactly what to expect and you need to have a true desire so that you can overcome the hard times. Preparation can be physical, emotional, and mental. Here I will address the physical preparation.
In order to prepare yourself physically to quit smoking you really need to know what kinds of side effects to expect. The side effects could be very hard to overcome, especially during the first month after you have quit. However, if you make it through this first month and don’t allow the side effects to become overwhelming then you are past the first major trial and one of the hardest aspects of quitting.
Be prepared for some or all of the following common physical side effects:
– insomnia (lack of sleep)
– weight gain
Some ways that you can reduce these side effects are by drinking lots of water and getting regular exercise. On top of helping to reduce the side effects, these things will also help you to raise your self esteem and fight the cravings for cigarettes that you may get while you quit smoking.
Also, be sure to have things like herbal sleep aids, herbal relaxation teas, and fiber on hand in case you need them. Drinking juice may also help. You should also plan some relaxation techniques in advance so that you are ready to fight the stressful side effects that may occur.
This time in your life may be a very challenging step but it is also an important one. The side effects will not be permanent and so if you are able to fight them for just a few weeks then you have the willpower you need to quit. The ability to quit smoking will benefit you for the rest of your life so the possible upcoming struggle will be well worth it.
The Northeast was the major hub of activity for the industry before it spread to other parts of the country, he said.
“Philadelphia was the cigar capital of the United States throughout the 1800s, and still manufactures cigars today,” he said.
In his latest book “Tulpehocken Cigarama,” Ibach writes about the production of handmade cigars in local communities in the late 19th and 20th centuries. The area he writes about includes Richland, Newmanstown and Myerstown, which had a number of
cigar-making factories.After the Civil War, many local farmers grew tobacco. Local cigar manufacturers purchased tobacco from Lancaster and York farmers and also bought it from farmers in Kentucky, Ohio, Wisconsin, New York, Virginia, Maryland and Connecticut.
A good cigar maker could make 400 to 500 cigars a day, and the average wage was about $2 a day.
“I know that some of the tobacco strippers, like in Richland, some of the women were paid only 15 cents a day. The work day was considered 10 hours a day,” he said.
His mother also worked in the industry.
“My mother pasted various parts of cigar boxes (together) and put the etchings on. She made a dollar a day working 10 hours a day, five days a week,” he said.
Ibach said the cigar industry was one of the most important sources of income for people seeking work in the country during the 19th and 20th centuries.
Ibach said the different flavors of tobacco were made by mixing tobaccos that were grown in different soil types in each state.
There were about 27 cigar plants in Lebanon County, he said. Some of the brands they made were Conrad Weiser, El Witto and Mineota.
Ibach’s ancestor, who owned Ibach & Rader Cigar factory of Newmanstown, made brands known as Abram Clark, Flor de Morrow and Havana Favorites, to name a few. Ibach said Havana Favorites was their most popular brand.
“They used to soak or cure that tobacco in barrels of apple cider,” he said.
The formulas for making cigars “were trusted secrets between the foreman and the owner. The owner would never reveal that to anybody else because that was his bread and butter,” Ibach said.
And there were thousands of brands of cigars.
Ibach said the 18th and 19 centuries were one of the most favorable times in the history of labor for someone to go into the industry.
“It was very, very reasonable to enter the business. Therefore, you had a lot of mom-and-pop operations,” he said.
The tools and equipment needed to start a cigar business were not expensive. “It cost so little to get involved,” he said.
At the turn of the century, there were 38 cigar makers in Womelsdorf in Berks County, about 27 in Lebanon County (mostly in eastern Lebanon County) and about 769 in Philadelphia, he said.
The apex of the cigar-making industry came in 1920, he said.
“That’s when the (automated cigar-making) machine was introduced, and from that period on, the industry started to decline,” he said.
Four unskilled girls could make 4,000 cigars a day using the automated machines, he said. By comparison, four skilled (and much higher paid) men could make 1,200 cigars a day by hand.
The cigar industry also supported ancillary businesses, such as cigar-box and cigar-band makers. A cigar-box manufacturer was Benjamin Hartman, who operated a plant south of the town square in Schaefferstown.
Cigarettes prices were raised in a lot of countries. But recently this legislation came in Russia too. The world’s third-largest cigarette maker, Japan Tobacco Inc. said that Russian tobacco sales are rising as taxes force up the prices of budget opponents to its Winston and LD brands.
In a short period of time, from January to March, cigarette volumes in Russia raised 1.5 percent, said Masakazu Shimizu, executive Vice President.
Taxes on tobacco will be up until 2011 in Russia, where 42 percent of the population smokes, according to Japan Tobacco. Japan Tobacco involved Russia in its Rest of the World unit, which accounted for 17 percent of sales last year.
Tobacco taxes raised in UK markets too. Japan Tobacco’s U.K. market share rose to 39.2 percent in April from 38 percent a year earlier, the company said.
In the north and central Europe division, which includes the U.K., Japan Tobacco increased volumes by 3 percent in the first three months of the year, adding it expects to increase sales in Europe this year too.
Shimizu said he doesn’t believe the Japanese government has any concrete plans to sell its 50 percent stake in the Tobacco Company. Japanese new legislation requires Japan Tobacco to purchase all of its tobacco leaf from local farmers for domestic production.
Japan Tobacco, which purchased Gallaher Group Plc for 7.5 billion pounds ($11.4 billion) in 2007, will not make another similar-sized purchase in the next three years.
The maker of Camel and Mild Seven cigarettes, Japan Tobacco Inc. predict that profit would fall by 19 percent in April this year, worse than analysts considered, as demand falls in Japan, the strengthening yen weighs on overseas revenue, and costs rise from higher leaf tobacco prices.
Tobacco use has contributed greatly to Russia’s demographic crisis. Although Russia’s population of 143 million is approximately half that of the United States, Russian tobacco use kills almost as many people—some 400,000 per year—as it does in the U.S.
More than 60 percent of Russian men and up to 30 percent of Russian women smoke, making Russia’s adult smoking rate roughly double that of the United States, where about 20.8 percent of adults smoke. According to Euro monitor International, Russia ranks fourth worldwide in annual per-capita consumption, with some 2,665 cigarettes smoked, behind only Serbia and Montenegro, Greece and Bulgaria.
As smoking bans become more popular, tobacco companies are developing new products and facing new criticism.
Snus’ are tea-bags, filled with mint-flavored tobacco. They fit neatly between your teeth and gum, with no need to spit.
The tobacco stays in the bag.
Tobacco companies say Snus’ have become so popular, they’re taking the next step, totally dissolvable tobacco.
For traditional smokers it will solve all kinds of problems.
“They don’t have second hand smoke,” Tommy Payne with R.J. Reynolds said. “They don’t have a litter problem. The product actually dissolves in your mouth as opposed to having to spit or extract something like a patch from your mouth like other smokeless products.”
R.J. Reynolds will soon test test three new products: Camel sticks: that dissolve as you suck them, minty tobacco strips: that look like breath strips and orbs: flavored dissolvable tablets, that some say look and taste like candy, and there’s the thing.
Critics say R.J. Reynolds is doing what it did with Joe Camel, marketing not to adult smokers, but smoker wanna-bees.
“Really, what you’re doing with kids actually, it’s kind of like a gateway drug,” Dan Smith with the American Cancer Society said. “You’re getting them addicted to nicotine, which then leads them to possibly wanting to do other things.”
And according to the Indiana Poison Control Center, just one Camel dissolvable delivers up to 300 percent of the nicotine found in just one cigarette.
Take too many, and nicotine poisoning might set in and you could possibly develop oral cancer.
“They’re not candy,” Payne said. “They’re tobacco products.”
R.J. Reynolds said their new dissolvables have warning labels.
It’s illegal for kids to buy them, and, yeah, they’re not completely safe, but they’re for adults.
“It’s just when compared to smoking and the impact that it has on our society,” Payne said. “These products at least should be made available for those who can’t or won’t quit.”
Anti-smoking groups like the Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids said use of smokeless tobacco causes oral cancer, gum disease, nicotine addiction, and increases the risk of heart disease.
Japan’s Nikkei 225 Stock Average fell 7.85, or 0.1 percent, to 9,430.92 as of the midday trading break in Tokyo. The following are among the most active shares in the Japanese market today. Stock symbols are in parentheses after company names.
Asahi Kasei Corp. (3407 JT) gained 3.3 percent to 470 yen, heading for the highest since Sept. 24. The synthetic-fiber maker was boosted to “overweight” from “neutral” by Nobuhito Owaki, a Tokyo-based analyst at JPMorgan Chase & Co.
Funai Electric Co. (6839 JO) advanced 3.3 percent to 3,460 yen. The maker of liquid-crystal display televisions was lifted to “overweight” from “neutral” by Yoshiharu Izumi, a Tokyo- based analyst at JPMorgan Chase & Co.
Ichikoh Industries Ltd. (7244 JT) surged 30 percent to 159 yen, its largest gain since at least September 1974. The supplier of car lighting equipment and mirrors agreed to buy a 5 percent stake in Indian auto-parts maker FIEM Industries Ltd. (FIEM IN). The price has yet to be decided, Ichikoh said in a release.
Japan Tobacco Inc. (2914 JT) slumped 5.2 percent to 271,900. The cigarette maker set terms for a 100 billion yen ($1.04 billion) sale of five-year, 1.128 percent bonds at par, according to a Nomura Securities Co. banker who is managing the deal.
JVC Kenwood Holdings Ltd. (6632 JT) soared 22 percent to 66 yen. The maker of car stereos and navigation systems was rated “buy” in new coverage by Eiichi Katayama, an analyst at Nomura Holdings Inc.,
K.K. DaVinci Holdings (4314 JX) rallied 3.9 percent to 9,090 yen, heading for the highest since Nov. 12. The real estate-asset management company said it will ask 20 workers to accept severance packages. The company will later disclose the impact of the job cuts on its earnings outlook, the statement said.
Marui Group Co. (8252 JT) slipped 2 percent to 552 yen. The department store chain and consumer lender was cut to “outperform” from “strong outperform” by Makoto Sakurai, an analyst at Mitsubishi UFJ Securities Co.
NEC Electronics Corp. (6723 JT) gained 4.9 percent to 980 yen. Renesas Technology Corp. (RENEZ JP) expects its proposed merger with NEC Electronics to be conducted at a 1-to-1 ratio, Nikkei English News reported, citing an interview with Renesas President Yasushi Akao. Renesas is an unlisted Tokyo-based venture between Hitachi Ltd. (6501 JT) and Mitsubishi Electric Corp. (6503 JT). Hitachi fell 0.7 percent to 306 yen. Mitsubishi Electric slid 0.6 percent to 542 yen.
Nichias Corp. (5393 JT) jumped 14 percent to 279 yen, heading for the highest since Oct. 2. The building materials maker was raised to “buy” from “hold” by Hiroshi Matsuda, an analyst at Mizuho Securities Co.
Nissin Foods Holdings Co. (2897 JT) rallied 4.3 percent to 3,010 yen. The maker of instant noodles said it will spend as much as 11.8 billion yen to buy back up to 3.36 percent of its outstanding shares through June 12.
Sumitomo Osaka Cement Co. (5232 JT) soared 9.5 percent to 220 yen. The company will spend as much as 5 billion yen on equipment to make lithium-iron phosphate for battery cathodes, Nikkei English News reported.
Taiyo Yuden Co. (6976 JT) climbed 7 percent to 917 yen, heading for the highest since Oct. 3. The electronic-components maker had its stock price estimate lifted to 1,100 yen from 750 yen by Shoji Sato, a Tokyo-based analyst at JPMorgan Chase & Co., who maintained an “overweight” rating on the company.
© Copyright: Bloomberg
An increase in state taxes on smokeless tobacco supported by both houses of the Texas Legislature could make it easier for Fort Bend Family Health Center to recruit doctors.
A bill introduced by Rep. Al Edwards, D-Houston, and sponsored by Sen. Juan “Chuy” Hinojosa, D-McAllen, seeks to tax smokeless tobacco by weight, instead of price. The change is expected to generate about $105 million over the next two years toward a medical student loan repayment program as an incentive for physicians to work in underserved rural and border areas.
The Senate last night gave green light to the bill, which passed in the House. Because of changes made in the Senate, the bill is awaiting final approval by the House on Friday. Both Murry Matthews, a spokesman for Edwards, and Arturo Ballesteros, an aide to Hinojosa, on Wednesday believe the bill would become law.
The bill aims to address a shortage of primary-care doctors as a growing number of medical students are drawn to more lucrative areas and specialties due to heavy student loans.
The loan repayment program was first established in 1985 and has been operated with a small pool of funds. The bill would expand the program with more funds raised by smokeless tobacco taxes. The $105 million expected over two years would allow 225 physicians to participate in the program. The program is expected to be operating at full strength and include more than 900 physicians.
Lynda Bible, the Fort Bend health center’s chief executive officer, has been lobbying for the bill’s passage, which she said would jumpstart the effort to woo doctors for her health center.
“Primary-care physicians come out of medical schools with an average debt of $160,000. This bill will offer loan repayment of up to $160,000 over a four-year period,” she said.
The loan repayment program would obligate participants to work in underserved areas for the duration of the repayment.
Bible’s facility, 400 Austin St., in Richmond, is the only Federally Qualified Health Center in the county, which serves low-income and uninsured patients from both Fort Bend and Waller counties.
Bible said attracting primary-care physicians to a medical facility like hers has been challenging. The center has four family doctors and three pediatricians who saw 11,213 patients last year. The number of new patients for the first four months of this year has seen an 11-percent increase over the same period last year. The center handles an average of 3,100 patients a month, Bible said.
She attributed the surge in new patients mostly to the loss or reduction of health benefits because of layoffs or employer cutbacks.
“This is too much of an increase to handle with current physicians we have,” she said. “We need more providers.”
Over the next two years, she said, the center needs three more primary-care doctors and one more pediatrician. Among them, the pediatrician and a primary-care doctor would be staffed at the health center’s new branch under construction as an expanded part of the county Precinct 2 office building on Texas Parkway in Missouri City.
Bible said the loan repayment program would enable her to say “yes” to the question a potential recruit often asks about any loan repayment assistance available.
“And the word will get out,” she said.
Bible said more medical staff is needed also because of a plan to extend the center’s operating hours from currently eight to up to 12 hours during the five week days and allow the facility also to open on Saturday. The plan is made possible with a $262,000 federal stimulus fund the center has received, she said.
Government spending related to smoking and the abuse of alcohol and illegal drugs reached $468 billion in 2005, accounting for more than one-tenth of combined federal, state and local expenditures for all purposes, according to a new study.
Most abuse-related spending went toward direct health care costs for lung disease, cirrhosis and overdoses, for example, or for law enforcement expenses, including incarceration, said the report released today by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, a private group at Columbia University. Just more than 2 percent of the total went to prevention, treatment and addiction research. The study is the first to calculate abuse-related spending by all three levels of government.
“This is such a stunning misallocation of resources,” said Joseph Califano Jr., chairman of the center, referring to the lack of preventive measures. “It’s a commentary on the stigma attached to addictions and the failure of governments to make investments in the short run that would pay enormous dividends to taxpayers over time.”
Beyond resulting in poor health and crime, addictions and substance abuse — especially alcohol — are major underlying factors in other costly social problems such as homelessness, domestic violence and child abuse.
Shifting money from hospitals and prisons to addiction treatment and research has never been politically easy, and it is all the harder now because many states face large budget deficits. But Califano said that many preventive measures had rapid payoffs.
The work of the center and of Califano, who was a secretary of health, education and welfare in the 1970s, have sometimes drawn fire from conservatives who put more emphasis on law enforcement than drug treatment and from groups who advocate loosening some drug laws.
© Copyright: Startribune
The advocacy arm of the American Medical Association unveiled a summer-long campaign on Wednesday intended to publicly shame movie studios for depicting images of smoking in their mass-appeal movies.
“Which Movie Studios Will Cause the Most Youth to Start Smoking This Summer?” is the name of the effort. Components include a Facebook scorecard, moviesmokingscorecard.com, tallying the number of tobacco images depicted in movies rated G, PG and PG-13 from May to August. The studio found to be the biggest offender will be named on billboards in September.
The American Medical Association Alliance, working with the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health and the California Youth Advocacy Network, will also operate the public Facebook page. The site already includes a video from a group of teenagers complaining about images of smoking in “X-Men Origins: Wolverine.”
“It’s incomprehensible for studios to defend their promotion of tobacco products in youth-rated films when you hear from teenagers directly that they are taking notice — and offense — to this on-screen promotion,” said Sandi Frost, president of the American Medical Association Alliance.
Visitors to the Facebook page will also be encouraged to sign a petition demanding that “gratuitous images of smoking” earn a film an automatic R rating from the Motion Picture Association of America. An R rating requires that viewers under 17 be accompanied by a parent or adult guardian. In 2007 the association started considering smoking alongside sex and violence in assessing the suitability of movies for young viewers, but rulings are subjective rather than automatic.
Studios, under pressure from health groups, have been urging filmmakers to trim tobacco scenes but have balked at an outright ban, citing the need for artistic license. An association spokeswoman, Angela Belden Martinez, noted that the movie industry now includes antismoking announcements on DVDs.
“The industry understands the concerns of parents about smoking and takes them seriously,” Ms. Martinez said. “One of the great things about the ratings system is that it has evolved to reflect society.”
Ms. Frost and Dr. Jonathan E. Fielding, director of the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, cited research in a conference call with reporters showing that PG-13 films — the rating carried by most blockbusters — account for two out of every three tobacco “impressions” delivered to audiences of all ages. They also cited studies indicating that up to half of all new smoking by teenagers can be attributed to smoking in movies.
© Copyright: Nytimes
Gov. Ed Rendell said today the state may dodge an income tax increase this year, but should be prepared to address the problem in future budgets if revenue continues to fall.
“Can we make it through this coming budget without tax hikes? I think so,” Rendell said. “The question is, if revenues continue to fall, can we avoid a broad-based tax increase over the next couple of years?”
Rendell said he did not want to defer that decision to the next governor. His term expires in 2011.
Staff for House Appropriations Chairman Dwight Evans had hinted that an income tax increase would be “the smartest way” to reduce a predicted $3.2 billion budget deficit, but Evans was not yet willing to introduce it.
After announcing a $10 million bridge rehabilitation in Rochester, Beaver County, the governor lashed out at the $27.3 billion budget drafted by Senate Republicans as a “non-starter from the beginning … just a bunch of ideological posturing.” It did not include a tax increase, but Rendell said it “eviscerated” too many development initiatives.
Rendell, a Democrat, said he would announce hundreds of millions of dollars in cuts to his own $29 billion budget proposal next week, but emphasized he wouldn’t touch funding for programs that create jobs.
“We have to get as lean as we can without hurting the economy,” he said. “I won’t let any major cuts happen on things that are economic development projects. You don’t cut stuff like that at a time like this.”
Rendell reiterated his support for expanding cigarette taxes to include cigars and smokeless tobacco products. He wants to tax natural gas extracted from the Marcellus Shale, noting that he talked with Gov. Joe Manchin III of West Virginia and was told that companies aren’t discouraged by that state’s taxes on oil and gas extraction.
© Copyright: Pittsburghlive
Starting July 5, 2010, almost all indoor public places in Wisconsin will be smoke-free. That includes restaurants, bars, taverns and any other indoor location in which people could smoke.
On May 18, Gov. Jim Doyle signed into the law the comprehensive ban after years of talking about it. The only indoor public places people will be able to smoke in are existing cigar bars and specialty tobacco shops. Any cigar bar or tobacco shop that opens after the law goes into effect must be smoke-free.
Apparently, the only places you will be able to smoke are your car and home.
There’s no doubt that smoking or being around smokers is a health risk.
But, isn’t just about anything we do a risky? Other than sitting inside all day and doing nothing, every single step we take involves some chances.
Most of us get in a car every day to go to work or school. Each year in America, more than 40,000 people die in vehicle accidents. That’s nearly 20 fatalities per 100,000 licensed drivers.
Just like we choose to drive wherever we want any time we please, the public and businesses should be able to make their own choices regarding smoking or smoke-free establishments.
I’m not a regular smoker. I don’t know too many smokers. However. in a bar setting, I will light up now and then.
I think everyone should have their own choice — business owners and the public alike. If an owner wants their bar or restaurant to be smoke-free, go ahead. The smokers will know not to go there if they want to smoke. Maybe business will increase because nonsmokers flock there.
But, just more than one year from now, there will be no choice. This government legislation takes away the business owner and public’s freedom to decide what’s in their best interest, thus denying private property rights and infringing on all of our rights as citizens in a free country.
I find it interesting that nonsmokers who go to bars and want the smoking ban because of health concerns, pour liver-damaging alcohol into their bodies. I find it ironic that Doyle says he tries so hard to keep and help business in the state, but signs a bill that will undoubtedly hurt bars and restaurants.
So, thanks to the state government for telling me as a customer and the many restaurant and bar owners what’s best for us all as the further eroding of our freedoms in this country continue.
Good luck bars and restaurants. As if things weren’t tough enough in the current economy.
© Copyright: Lakegenevanews