Fighting Big Tobacco in Malaysia

In a country where 46 percent of men smoke, and where the government is spending RM20 billion a year, treatment of tobacco-related diseases, it is imperative that we as a society requires more health care, and more stringent laws tobacco.
However, the adoption laws of tobacco to protect public health, as well as performance anti-tobacco/pro-health propaganda, there’s been a long history of interference by the tobacco industry, which has undermined and often blocks efforts to materialize as a whole. As someone who has had exposure to tobacco policy and regulation, I was afraid that the tobacco industry is the most serious obstacle that politicians and anti-tobacco advocates are facing today.
Malaysia is a member of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC further) which states, in accordance with Article 5.3 that Parties are required to ensure that the policy protected against the tobacco industry and tobacco industry.
The reason for this is that the tobacco industry has for decades tried to circumvent the policies that protect public health. In the 1930s, when reports began to emerge about the adverse health effects cigarettes, the tobacco industry began a ten-year campaign to refute the authenticity of these messages, and to depict cigarette-friendly products, including the famous: “Most doctors” advertising.
Unfortunately, the tobacco industry interference with tobacco control campaign continues to this day, and actually becomes more powerful. Here are some examples: In 1988 in California, when Californians voted for a tax increase on tobacco, Big Tobacco increased political contribution in the government of California and the governor at that time take steps to block anti-tobacco advertising is paid for this tax.
Oswald and others in his article in 2010 in the Indian Journal of Cancer said that in India, the tobacco industry lobbied strongly influence the public to believe that the graphic pictorial warnings have been religiously offensive, and that tobacco farmers have a negative impact. It is important to note that the last argument is often used around the world, and trying to divert attention from the fact that the tobacco farmers themselves suffer from tobacco poisoning because of the constant contact with tobacco leaves, tobacco, and that requires intensive use of pesticides, which have a negative impact on the environment. It is also conveniently forgets to mention Article 17 of the WHO FCTC, which states that the parties should support farmers to economically viable alternatives.
Shockingly, in 2012 Malaysia Budget did not call for tax increases on tobacco products at all – a measure that has been proven to have the greatest short-term impact on tobacco consumption. This evidence is contained in the 1999 World Bank report “Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control”, which states that 10 per cent increase in the price of a pack of cigarettes will decrease the demand for cigarettes by eight percent on average – and with low income.
This may be influenced by the fact that the contraband cigarettes often, as reported by 40 percent. What the public does not know what these figures are taken from the highly biased study of the tobacco industry did, collecting garbage around football stadiums and FELDA settlements. Preliminary studies of university scientists show a more realistic figure to be about 20 percent.
In addition to using biased research for many years, the tobacco industry was also very clever in a set of influential persons or persons with a previous reference of the Government to fill positions in their companies. A quick Google search the board of directors of any major tobacco company will name a very influential people, recognizable names that make tobacco lobby just that much stronger.
WHO provides measures to effectively combat the tobacco epidemic, called MPOWER steps – all in the past and are now facing tobacco industry interference. These effective measures: monitoring tobacco use, protection from exposure to tobacco smoke, offer help to stop smoking (cessation techniques); warning about the dangers of tobacco use; Enforce bans on tobacco advertising and raising taxes.
Under the “P” is a measure of protection from tobacco smoke, governments around the world have enacted laws for smoking areas – whether all geographic areas, or those agencies, such as bars. In 2004, Ireland introduced a ban on smoking in bars and tobacco industry said that it might affect their business. Eight years later, is still often Irish pubs, denying the words of Big Tobacco.
The campaign for smoking areas, the tobacco industry uses front groups such as associations of owners of restaurants and tourist groups, stating that the restaurant business and tourism will reduce will reduce. I may be wrong, but logically people frequent restaurants for food and tourism fields scenery and recreational activities – no smoking. In addition, the data showed that in New York City, which banned smoking in restaurants, it was not affected. In fact, the New York Restaurant Association president and Restaurant Union supports a ban on smoking in restaurants with a public health perspective.
Over anecdotes and worldwide experience shows that the influence of the tobacco industry is full and extremely powerful. As someone who has experience in tobacco control, I can see how to interference that is alive and well, and that unless we stand, we will not just have 45 percent of male smokers. This figure will increase if something is done. Political will and voice of the people will need to defeat the tobacco industry lobbying, as well as the health of Malaysians “are better protected.

Proposal to raise tax rates

Tobacco companies oppose the proposal to increase tax on cigarettes, which could see smokers pay Sh7 the treasury for every ten shillings spent on their products.
The move is aimed at increasing government revenue and equalization of the tax regime in Kenya to international standards.
The Institute of Legislative Affairs (ILA) suggests that an increase in treasury taxes on cigarettes, so the effective rate of 70 percent, recommended at the international level the World Health Organization (WHO).
“Taxes make up 55 percent of the price of cigarettes in Kenya, which is much lower than the WHO-recommended threshold of 70 percent,” said ILA last week, referring to countries such as Thailand, at the pre-budget hearings organized by the Institute of Economic Affairs.
British American Tobacco (BAT) Kenya and Mastermind Tobacco against the proposal arguing it would lead to an increase cigarette smuggling by tax evaders.
“This issue should be considered in the context of the consequences for the entire tobacco industry.
Experience in other countries, Canada being one such example, showed that these initiatives lead to significant increases in consumer prices leads to an increase in illegal trade, “said BAT East and Central Africa head of corporate and regulatory policy, Joe Muganda.” But this is not good to government revenue?”
Mastermind Tobacco representative Josh Kirimania, said the new proposal is discriminatory against the majority of low-income smokers. “It is unfair to charge the same tax for people who are at the bottom of the market those at the top,” said Mr. Kirimania.
He said that the Mastermind Tobacco is lobbying the Treasury to a change of heart and return to the old system, that the categories of products based on their characteristics, arguing that it is the norm for other industries – and the tobacco industry should be no exception. Malt beer and spirits are taxed differently in the alcohol industry.
The ILA executive director, Vincent Kimosop, said the proposal is based on research conducted at the Sportsman brand as it is the most popular on the market.
Mr. Kimosop said the Treasury would have the following rights, as the Tobacco Act 2007 allows the Minister of Finance to increase taxes on cigarettes.
“The minister is now responsible for finance shall fiscal policy, where appropriate, policy rates on tobacco and tobacco products so as to promote the objectives of this Act,” the law of the state.
Processes for the production, sale and manufacture of tobacco products are regulated by law.
To ensure that the effective tax rate is not reduced, there is a proposal to link the tax to inflation, which suggests that the rate will be adjusted in tandem with changes in the value of goods.
Mr. Kimosop said inflation rose from the amendments to the Finance Bill were made in June when the budget was read, and, as such, the tax rate used was then undermined by inflation.
In June, inflation was 14.48 percent, but rose to 18.93 percent last month.
The tax rate proposed by the Treasury was the largest of R1, 200 per 1,000 cigarettes sticks or 35 percent of the retail price.
By indexing charges, the figure would edge up to about Sh1, 400 per thousand sticks, said Mr. Kimosop.
AMP proposal would apply to all tobacco products, which differs from the past, where the government taxed in accordance with the physical characteristics of different brands.
The old tax system continues to be used until the president handles the financial bill into law and AMP proposals can be implemented only after the budget is read in June

Tobacco prevention pays off in N.D.

Tobacco is a big problem in North Dakota. Each year it kills more than 800 people and costs the people of North Dakota more than $247 million in increased health care spending.
The Centre for Disease Prevention and Tobacco Control was established statewide measures initiated in 2008 to control tobacco-free policies that reduce secondhand smoke and promote tobacco-free in North Dakota. The people of North Dakota voted for the use of tobacco settlement dollars to prevent tobacco use and harm her.
Since 2009 we have achieved many positive results that save lives and save money for the people of North Dakota.
As a comprehensive program was put in place, the number of North Dakota school districts that have adopted comprehensive tobacco-free policies increased from 60 to 102.
In addition to K-12 schools, we are also working to promote tobacco-free colleges across North Dakota. Colleges and universities that enforce comprehensive tobacco-free policies increased from five to 12 campuses. These policies are a critical component, which prevent young adults from tobacco use.
And our work is bearing fruit.
According to the 2011 Youth risk behavior Review of North Dakota students, smoking among school children has decreased from 22.4 percent in 2009 to 19.4 percent in 2011. It’s not just smoking that down, either. The survey also reported a reduction in the use of other tobacco products such as chewing tobacco, snuff and fall, from 15.3 percent in 2009 to 13.6 percent in 2011.
The positive effect of our work can be felt all across North Dakota, and not just on school campuses. As an integrated program was launched, five communities were smoking regulations, banning smoking in public places, including bars, bringing the total number of smoke-free for up to seven communities in North Dakota.
There are more communities to the same purpose. “Smoke free” is becoming the norm in business, city, public and university campuses, which are, in fact, helped to reduce tobacco use among adults in North Dakota, with 18.1 percent in 2008 to 17.4 percent in 2010.
We also conducted a successful advertising campaign that educated people from North Dakota to high cost of tobacco, in both deaths and dollars spent.
In addition, the independent evaluation report commended our efforts, as well as the State Department of Health, local public health units and other partners to reduce health and social costs of tobacco use in North Dakota.
Dr. Kyle Muus Center for Rural Health and an author of the report said that our program and staff did a good job in working toward our goal, especially considering how early in the process we are.
We are extremely pleased by the positive results we’ve seen so far, but our work is not done until we help all smokers quit smoking and tobacco use in North Dakota is going to low single digits. Despite the success we have achieved, we still face some serious challenges as we continue to work to save lives and save money in North Dakota.
Although public opinion tells us that the people of North Dakota want and need to be tobacco-free policy, the influence of Big Tobacco is very strong. Every year the tobacco industry spends $ 12.8 billion nationwide marketing of its products. This is more than $ 35 million per day or about $ 25 promotion of tobacco for every $ 1 we spend to combat it.
But the fight against tobacco can win the battle. Science and experience give us proven, cost-effective strategies to prevent children from tobacco and help current users of tobacco smoke and to protect everyone from the harmful effects of passive smoking.
Thanks to the voters of North Dakota is one of two fully-funded tobacco prevention programs in the country. We are dedicated to continuing our efforts to save lives and money by reducing and preventing tobacco use in our sta

The Top E Cigarettes for 2011 Reviewed

Electronic cigarettes have quickly become the preferred alternative to traditional cigarette smokers.
These chemical free devices resemble traditional cigarette, but does not contain thousands of chemical carcinogens. Unlike the products of smoking, electronic cigarettes have helped thousands to quit.Studies have shown that smoke and carcinogens in traditional cigarettes, which cause respiratory and other health problems. Electronic cigarettes contain nicotine vapor. Since the pair is released there will be no second-hand smoke.
Most smokers are addicted to nicotine. Nevertheless, some of them are actually dependent on the habit of smoking. E Cigarette smokers also save money. Smokers do not have to worry about smelling like smoke, or having smoker’s breath.
There are many electronic cigarette companies on the market. Industry is increasingly grown in popularity over the past few years. There are many options to consider when choosing a device, the better. Smokers must first decide whether they want to use two or three of the design. Many companies also offer one-off projects. Smokers can choose from different strengths of nicotine. Full power of nicotine, as a rule, most companies offer. Flavors such as cherry, are also offered by most to enhance the experience. E cigarette reviews that contain information about the top of the electronic cigarette in 2011 may help smokers to make the right choice.
Blu cigarettes quickly become the premier brand of electronic cigarettes in the industry. They have recently launched their new two-piece design. This design combines flavor cartridges with their spray. The combination of these units provides a more intense flavor. Flavors offered by Blu contain Johnson Creek Smoke Juice. They are proudly made in the USA exclusively for Blu cigarettes. Blu maintains the highest quality, keeping prices affordable. They also have excellent customer service.
South Beach Smoke, one of the new companies in the industry is becoming more popular. They offer affordable 2 and 3 of the structure. Smokers are automatically enrolled in South Beach FREE Home Delivery Program when purchasing starter kit. This program automatically sends customers to refill cartridges every month at reduced prices.
V2Cigs offers a wide variety of tastes. In addition to his car battery, they also offer a manual battery. Manual battery to increase battery life, and provide a stronger vapor hit. V2Cigs also has a great line / awards program called Smoke4Free. Smokers who are new customers will receive credits every time new directions purchase starter kit. More customers is a smoker, the greater your savings! The new customer will also receive a discount on the starter kit.
White Cloud has recently launched an updated version of his original model.
The new model is shorter, lighter and twice as steam supply. Smokers may use original cartridges because they are compatible with the updated model. White Cloud is also preparing to launch its new Cirrus 3 models. This model is an inch shorter than a traditional cigarette. Starter kits are available for preorder, and will be shipped in early April.
Smoke Council offers quality two-piece design at an affordable price. Their Eazy-Drag system allows effortless tightening. They offer a wide variety of tastes and orders are shipped within 24 hours for free very soon.
Volcano offers offers a variety of starter kits for any budget. Their V-Kit Sampler starter kit is perfect for smokers who are not fully decided to switch to electronic cigarettes. The kit is affordable, and includes everything needed to test the product. They also offer disposables for those who do not smoke often, or just wish to try an e cig. Smokers can choose from prefilled cartridges, or try their hand at filling their own for the Inferno Kit.
SmokeStik has introduced their new model; the PitBull. This new model, while containing a half inch longer battery, lasts hours longer than the regular SmokeStik. The PituBull is compatible with other SmokeStik products. Smokers, however, must purchase a PitBull carrying case since it is longer than the other batteries. A percentage of the profits are being donated to Compassion Revolution. This charity supported by Katherine Heigl is dedicated to pet overpopulation.
Factors on which brand is best depends on the willingness of the smoker. The choice can be made after the decision, which features are most important. E cigarette reviews such as the ones found on provide information to help smokers make an informed decision. Smokers will also find detailed product information about the most popular electronic cigarette in 2011.

Missouri Gets Tobacco 'F' Grade

I remember going into a nightclub in California several years ago, when the smoking ban had recently been put in place.
When parts of St. Louis put a smoking ban in effect, it felt as if Missouri was catching up with the health initiatives of the rest of the country. Not so, according to the annual report of the American Lung Association on smoking related issues, as reported in the Saint-Louis Post-Dispatch.
Missouri is one of five states that have failed in all four categories: taxes on cigarettes, tobacco prevention funding, smoke free, and insurance coverage to help people quit smoking, and other states that have not been Alabama, Mississippi, South Carolina, Virginia and West of Virginia. Ellisville is covered under the law of the district, which has exceptions for retail tobacco and cigar bars, outdoor dining areas, private clubs and residences, as well as “drinking establishments”, which receive 25 percent or less of their income on food; Ballwin also falls under County smoking ban, although the city Ballwin has a smoking ban in place since 2006.
Just over a year ago, Ballwin-Ellisville Patch contributed by Brian Conradi talked to several companies about the impact of smoking laws. One of them was an Irish pub Clancy, who is not opposed to change. I caught up with Tyler Tampow manager to see how he thinks the smoking laws in the present year were once in place. “Families are concerned about their children getting passive smoking”, Tampow said. “But, obviously, you’ll still have smokers who want to smoke, but we were still in order.” Both of Ballwin and Ellisville also subject to state taxes on cigarettes, which are the lowest in the country at 17 cents per pack. State tobacco tax applies county per capita.
From the perspective of local programs to prevent tobacco use, I spoke with Renee Heney, Director of Drug Free Coalition Rockwood School District. She said their approach to tobacco and other substances composed of three parts: the combination of the efforts of the coalition, Rockwood School District and the students themselves. The coalition recently sponsored public service announcement poster contest, which is being judged. Three teenagers from the school district took part in the propaganda and spoke with the laws for the trip to Jefferson City. One of the main questions they asked was a low tax rate on tobacco. Teens are also trained in a program that helps educate them about the dangers of secondary scholars’ tobacco and other substances.
The school district uses a 1-year, $ 92000 Community Input Crime Prevention Work Grant St. Louis County Health Department to involve young people in the poster campaign as well as tobacco-specific collective learning. In addition, the county maintains tobacco-free policy disclinary standards in place. Communication is key to the whole administration.
“Information sharing can help keep children safe”, It also indicates that students are involved in groups such as the Dynamic Air O2, a young person to give this part of the campaign of the Ministry of Health.
Nevertheless, smokers are not necessarily Missouri embraced these changes. Harry Bell, owner of several establishments in St. Louis, including the Downtown Harry felt that the smoking ban has caused the closure of the business.

Campus tobacco policy reinforced as project draws mixed reactions

The University administration has taken steps to ensure compliance with existing policies on tobacco use, but there is no consensus among the groups on UNLV campus-wide ban on tobacco, and any new regulations have been made.
Tobacco Free UNLV secured $ 450,000 in federal money in 2010 and aimed to see tobacco banned in UNLV in 2012. Just before that the test came, there were signs stating that smoking is not permitted in the Valerie Pida Plaza.
“I did not know about that,” said Tobacco Free UNLV Director Susan VanBeuge “, and I was embarrassed look, because people started to email me, saying,” Thank you very much. ”
VanBeuge said that she had received some negative feedback from individuals who thought of the Tobacco Free UNLV was responsible for the wiring, but that the messages were positive in 10-to-1.
“The initiative of the Tobacco Free can not take credit for it,” she said, “but I’d like to think that we have opened a conversation.”
The postings were the result of an administrative decision, and they seek to enforce existing laws and policies: that no smoking is allowed within 25 feet of the entrance to the building.
After the Tobacco Free UNLV began the dissemination of information among the various groups component, office facilities management, risk management and security have also examined public opinion on tobacco use on campus.
UNLV Media Affairs representative Megan Downs said that the decision said that the survey, which sent out regardless of the Tobacco Free UNLV.
“They tried to find areas where people have complained about the most smoke interrupting their walk around campus, so they stepped up signs in specific high-traffic areas,” she said.
Downs said that university officials have also moved the ashtray, which were close to the buildings. At the present time they are outside the 25-foot perimeter.
Tobacco Free UNLV can not draft policy – only administrators can do this university – but VanBeuge and her team have made a compilation of the draft policy, which they presented to President.
“In the best of all possible worlds, is that the Tobacco Free would like to,” VanBeuge said.
Some campus groups supported the ideals of the project. On December 5, Faculty Senate approved the declaration feeling Senate, which contains support for many purposes, initiatives and practices.
Statement asserted that “UNLV should enforce existing tobacco-related policies more consistently develop smoking cessation corridors and continue to care for all faculty, staff and students, as steps towards tobacco-free campus.”
Student representatives were not so friendly to the idea of the Tobacco Free UNLV in
VanBeuge said she was surprised to have negative views of students, because in most colleges, where tobacco use was prohibited, an initiative to support students.
“Most of them pushed forward and began to students,” she said.
But even after the CSUN Senate Medical Sciences organized a special luncheon for members of the CSUN in an effort to give VanBeuge and her colleagues have a platform to discuss their work, the student enate voted against supporting the student’s Tobacco Free UNLV.
Graduate and Professional Student Association also refused to support the project.
GPSA President Michael Gordon explained that although the members of the program GPSA Council support the Tobacco Free UNLV on smoking cessation, most of them were against a complete ban on tobacco use on campus, because they saw it as impractical and risk performance.
Many members of the GPSA thought that asking students who live off campus in the campus to smoke would be silly and that at night; it could pose a security risk.
But the biggest opposition within the GPSA was against regulations that would keep UNLV from taking funding for research related to the tobacco company.
“It would just add another layer of bureaucracy,” Gordon said.
He added that as UNLV works to recover from five years of rapid decline, the university should not limit the resources for researchers.
“In terms of budget cuts, we must all external financing, we can get,” he said. Gordon said that if the Tobacco Free UNLV GPSA support requested for each goal separately, the decision of the Board may be different.
Although the beginning of the New Year came and went without a policy to prohibit tobacco use on campus, VanBeuge believes Tobacco Free UNLV was successful in that it has opened a healthy conversation about an important issue.
“We have raised awareness on campus of tobacco and tobacco smoke, and some of the dangers of tobacco products to persons … and those with passive,” she said.
In addition, she said, as she and other members of UNLV participated in the state of the debate on health policy, the project often occupies a central place.
“It increases the powers of universities,” she said.

Tobacco on the court

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration scientists and experts gathered tobacco policy for the study of potential health risks and benefits of soluble tobacco products.
The Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee is meeting this week and advocates from Pennsylvania and New Jersey are among those lining up to make their pitch to the FDA panel.
Soluble, which are made from finely ground tobacco, are not new, but they drew attention to the new last year, when RJ Reynolds and Philip Morris introduced new flavors and varieties in several cities across the country. Some health officials and lawmakers have called flavored melt in your mouth and tongue the balls band “nicotine candy” and complained to the FDA.
Rutgers University law student Gregory Conley was a smoker for eight years, but leave in August. 24-year-old used electronic cigarettes – another smokeless product – quit smoking, and he says, soluble suppress cravings, when he was in his class. He loves tobacco dip a toothpick and says they give him satisfying tingle nicotine hit with mint or Java.
“You just put it in your mouth and hold it as if you were holding a straw between his teeth,” Conley said.
He volunteers, legal director of policy for the consumer advocates for smoke-free alternative to the Association and gave testimony during the meeting of the FDA this week. Conley says the electronic cigarette, smokeless and other soluble alternatives are powerful tools to help smokers avoid the most toxic aspects of cigarettes.
The FDA’s review is to provide soluble in 2009, family smoking prevention and tobacco control law. Matthew Myers, president of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, said that the advisers will weigh the scientific and report on the health of the population not only at individual smokers.
“The law recognizes the FDA, even if the product is less harmful if it is sold in a way that its main appeal to young people, the end result will be more people become addicted to tobacco,” Myers said.
“The FDA law recognizes that even if the product is less harmful, if it’s marketed in a way that its primary appeal is to young people, the net result will be more people becoming addicted to tobacco,” Myers said.
“What we have seen that colorful way that the solvent have been promoted and say that they have generated has led many people to believe that these products are less harmful – before there was a review of FDA”, Myers said.
Now the government regulates, as well as other soluble smokeless tobacco. They are stocked behind the counter in the store and have the same health warnings on tobacco, as well as chewing. They read “Smokeless tobacco is addictive” and “This product is not a safe alternative to cigarettes.”
A group of U.S. lawmakers want more stringent rules for soluble. Some public health groups say the products should be removed from store shelves until
the FDA has weighed in on the science. Other supporters are sometimes called “reductionisms harm,” they say smokeless products can reduce disease, disability and death caused by smoking.
Jennifer Ibrahim, assistant professor in the Department of Public Health at Temple University, says – done correctly – Harm reduction is a good idea. “I think everyone in the business of giving up smoking is realistic that people can not quit cold turkey, but you do not want to send the wrong message: that nicotine is safe at any level, because it is not,” she said.
“It is absolutely true, nothing is absolutely safe,” said Conley, but he says, smokers die while health officials wait for final proof.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reference one of the five deaths each year from tobacco use, about 440 thousand people. Smoking costs America $ 193 billion per year is estimated for 2000 to 2004. About half of that economic value of direct health care costs, and half of lost productivity.
Tobacco companies can not promote soluble as quit smoking help, but there are a lot of online chatter from individual users, who report that they gave up cigarettes or cigars with soluble.
“To be fair, they are very similar to smoking cessation products that have been on the market for a very long time – a diamond or gum for people who are trying to get out of tobacco,” said psychologist Anna Tobia, director of the smoking cessation program at the Hospital of the University Thomas Jefferson in Philadelphia.
Some people fear that the products are called “harm reduction” will actually lead to more health problems. Supporters say the soluble may help smokers to “escape” from nicotine addiction to cigarettes. Opponents say it is not clear how consumers actually use the products and who uses them. Will young people try to soluble develop a taste for nicotine, and then move on to smoking? May keep people hooked soluble, when some ex-smokers would – eventually – to become nicotine free?
Kenneth Warner, the health economist at the University Of Michigan School Of Public Health, says there is no reason to be skeptical about the intention of the tobacco companies in the soluble and are concerned that new products will do.
“The public health community got bamboozled” in the past, he said. When the tobacco makers began selling low-tar nicotine cigarettes, Warner says they were marketed as “mild, mellow,” and safer than regular cigarettes — and it turned out they weren’t.
The FDA advisers are in the marsh to a long discussion, which appears developing and changing ideas about what’s acceptable and what is safe. Health policy expert Jennifer Ibrahim says electronic cigarettes and melt-in-mouth tobacco but the latest in a long line of new products aimed at smokers and people who are trying to kick the habit.
Many are waiting for the FDA to answer the question: Do dissolvable pose a greater or lesser risk to population health?
“I will not let their children about electronic cigarettes, because I just do not know what to VAPS [water vapor] that comes out of them. When some people, although exposure to secondhand smoke was safe and it is clear that this is not true”, Ibrahim said. “I’m not going to subject myself or my family to things that are 10, 15 years later, we say,” Oh, yes, it’s not good for you. ”
“We will do everything to make our patients better and to get them to reduce the number of cigarettes they smoke,” said quit smoking expert Anna Tobia.”If it is a good first step, and – perhaps – if they see that they can cope with less nicotine, it would be wonderful.”
Many are waiting for FDA, to answer the question: how are soluble in a particular health risk?

Regulators pressured over dissolvable tobacco

The Food and Drug Administration is considering the health impact of dissolvable tobacco, leaving investors concerned that new regulations may hurt Reynolds American. Shares in the tobacco giant dropped nearly 2.5% in trading on Thursday.
With experts urging regulators to consider the candy-like appeal of flavored dissolvable tobacco to children, there may be good reason to worry. Dissolvable tobacco differs from ordinary chewing tobacco in that it dissolves in the mouth.
Reynolds has invested heavily in soluble tobacco products such as Camel Orbs, and Camel Strips sticks, as consumer demand for smokeless tobacco growing. Camel soluble brands are sold as “a convenient alternative to cigarettes and tobacco moist for adult consumers of tobacco products.”
Previously, Reynolds was able to capture 70% market share with its Camel snus product, and he hopes to repeat that success. Snus is a moist powder tobacco product contained in a pouch that users place under their lips. FDA control could jeopardize those plans and left Reynolds in search of other engines for income.
Reynolds American is highly dependent on innovation, as cigarette smoking continues to fall, and smoking in public places is becoming less tolerant. In fact, Reynolds sees its smokeless tobacco products as “more in line with public expectations with respect to tobacco products in use today,” according to the 2010 statement. Nevertheless, concerns about the health risks of smokeless tobacco and fear that products such as mint and cinnamon balls Camel appeal to children can make new products less socially acceptable.
Despite the drop in cigarette consumption in the United States, Reynolds remains popular among investors due to strong global presence and consistent dividend growth even during the sub prime mortgage crisis in 2008, when stocks fell to nearly $ 18 per share. Reynolds, an increase in dividends in the last quarter by 5.7% largely due to increased operating profit by 2.6% compared with the previous year.
The company also saw its operating margin to grow steadily due to rising prices and greater productivity that offset declining cigarette sales. There is a great opportunity to raise prices, if necessary, as a pack of cigarettes in the Reynolds averaged less than offerings from rivals Lorillard and Altria.
Despite lower prices, the company was unable to increase its share of the cigarette market. On the other hand, its smokeless products account for 31.4% of the market sector and the company offers more growth opportunities than cigarettes. Smokeless is not kept in net sales to dip slightly, compared with $ 6.1 billion to $ 6 billion for the first three quarters of 2011.
With greater reliance on smokeless alternatives, more FDA regulation of these new tobacco products could hit Reynolds, where they are most vulnerable.
Another key risk for the company is the price of goods that can continue to grow in 2012. Higher costs of tobacco and the paper would reduce the company’s operating margin, which has remained almost flat in the third quarter of 2011 to 31.2%, up 1.4 percentage points from the previous year.
Tobacco companies can not ignore the headache of growth of state and federal excise taxes, which remain a serious concern as cash-strapped states looking for revenue sources without raising taxes. Sin taxes on tobacco products remain popular in many parts of the United States for the same reason that the smokeless tobacco market is growing: smoking less in line with public expectations than ever before.

Dublin council favors severe restrictions on tobacco sales

Dublin is considering changes that could make the most of the stores to stop selling tobacco for three years. If approved, it will be one of the most stringent local tobacco sales laws in the state. Most California cities have no local zoning rules ban sales of tobacco products in certain areas.
“I think it would reach a new level,” said Justin Garrett, policy manager of the American Lung Association in California. “I would like to address this significant action in tobacco control.”
Saying it wants to protect children from tobacco, the City Council on Tuesday unanimously agreed to have its staff develop a zoning ban sales of tobacco products within 1,000 feet of homes, schools, parks and day care centers. Mayor Tim Sbranti was absent from the meeting.
Several cities have filed bans sales, as new business applications, but let’s existing stores to continue selling. But the Dublin Council left no doubt that it is ready to move on, stopping sales at existing stores too close to home or school during phase one, two or three years.
At least 18 years old, and probably more, of the 24 stores that sell tobacco in Dublin will be affected by the ban on sale of tobacco products within 1,000 feet of residential areas, schools, parks and other places where children gather, said Roger Bradley, Dublin’s assistant city manager.
The city will need to explore the map to determine exactly how many stores will be allowed to continue selling, he said. also wants to introduce a new licensing requirements for tobacco retailers.
The 24 retail tobacco sellers in in the city include grocery and drug stores, minim arts and gas stations.
“We’re not talking about banning tobacco in Dublin, but restricting where it is sold,” said Dublin vice Mayor Kevin Hart.
Reducing minors’ access to tobacco use and addiction lowers rates, council members said.
Other cities have shied away from a ban on sales of existing businesses because of political opposition and concern that the company will defend its sales have been damaged or taken away, say experts on tobacco legislation.
Providing businesses for up to three years phased ban would allow them to prepare for the restrictions and recoup their investment in tobacco, Dublin officials have suggested.
Offering a phase in period, the average legal basis between the extremes of banning the sale or payment of compensation directly to stores, said Ian McLaughlin, Senior Associate in Public Health Law and Policy, a nonprofit that offers information about tobacco and health issues.
“Grandfathering in old plants is less risky, but the reduction in the density of tobacco retailers is a stronger public health policy,” said McLaughlin.
Regulators have used phase-in periods with new rules for other industries, including billboards, he said.
No store owners spoke at the council meeting on Tuesday. Messages left for the Neighborhood Market Association, retail groups critical of local restrictions of tobacco, went unanswered on Wednesday.
Dublin council members say they want to adopt stricter rules in November.
Councilman Kasie Hildenbrand said she was pleasantly surprised on Tuesday that the council acts as the rules are strict, as she wanted. “This is a bold step in protecting the health of our children,” she said.

FDA to Weigh Safety of Tobacco Lozenges

They may look and smell a lot like candy, but soluble, smokeless tobacco products are not for children. Security risks and “soluble” is the subject of a three-day U.S. Food and Drug Administration meeting this week.
“Dissolvable” are flavored mints, strips and rods of smokeless tobacco. These products do not stop smoking aids. Instead, they are designed to allow people to satisfy their cravings for nicotine in places where smoking is prohibited.
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. is test marketing Camel Orbs, Camel Strips and Camel Sticks in two cities, and Star Scientific Inc., is marketing two other dissolvable tobacco products, Ariva and Stonewall. Many public health advocates are concerned about the risks these products pose to children and teens, namely possible addiction and nicotine poisoning.
“If you want to design a product that would appeal to young people and drug addict younger teens and adults to nicotine, it would be,” said Dr. Jonathan Winickoff, a pediatrician at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. “These products are designed to look like candy addict users on an ongoing basis.”
Teens can pop these products without any obvious signs of cigarette smoking or disorder associated with snus that bag like pouches placed between the upper lip and a gun. Soon, he says, they are dependent.
Another worry is accidental ingestion, resulting in nicotine poisoning. An April 2010 study in the journal Pediatrics found that smokeless tobacco products are the second most common cause nicotine poisoning in children, after cigarettes.
“If children are already ingesting cigarettes, we can not doubt that they will ingest soluble tobacco, which is specifically designed to taste good,” said Winickoff. “Just because they smell like chocolate or mint and look harmless, they contain nicotine and are potentially harmful to young people and can start a life of nicotine dependence. Parents of young children should be aware that these products have the potential to cause serious overdose.”
Mild symptoms of nicotine poisoning include vomiting, nausea, diarrhea and headaches. Severe nicotine poisoning can lead to involuntary twitching, muscle paralysis, heart palpitations, seizures or death.
One milligram (mg) of nicotine can cause vomiting and diarrhea in a small child, according to the study. The Camel dissolvable contain between 0.6 mg and 3.1 mg of nicotine, depending on the product. Smokers inhale about 1 mg of nicotine in a typical cigarette.
In the investigation of Pediatrics was released, Orbs manufacturer RJ Reynolds announced that it has taken steps to prevent the accidental ingestion of soluble Camel tobacco youth, including child-resistant packaging and raising of poison control centers on the products and the possible consequences of accidental ingestion.
“The bottom line: Tobacco products, along with many other types of goods, need to be kept out of the hands of children,” the statement concluded.
Now all eyes are on FDA. 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act gives the agency authority over production, distribution and sale of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products. Winickoff expressed hope that the FDA will do everything possible to keep these products away from children and adolescents.
“We could consider capping the amount of nicotine in each piece, so you can eliminate or greatly reduce the potential to lead to a fatal overdose of nicotine if the entire package has been absorbed,” he said.
Other pediatricians and public health advocates raise similar fears about these products.
“You can sneak them in the classroom,” said Dr. Lee Beers, a pediatrician Children’s National Medical Center in Washington, DC “This increases the potential for early adoption of tobacco and increase the level of dependence. It really does not seem any reason to tobacco in a format that is easier to be taken by mouth and with a lot of drawbacks, especially when I think of children and adolescents. Children can and get into something, even if the packets reach of children, “she said.
Dr. Thomas Glynn, director of cancer science and trends at the American Cancer Society, said there are many unknowns about the soluble tobacco products. “At the moment, we do not know the full range of what is in them,” he said. “I do not see any potential in these soluble products, in addition, to keep people smoking.”