Tobacco law plan botched

An active campaign for a leading manufacturer of tobacco has seen almost two and a half years of effort to roll out the “hard” anti-tobacco situation in Bangladesh, like smoke.
Ministry of Health is ready to place the draft amendment to the law of 2005 December 19 meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers, after obtaining permission from the Ministry of Finance and other organizations. But he was not raised, and the plan was just shocked.
A deputy secretary, Azam-e-Sadat, who was assigned with the task, later said the finance ministry eventually recalled the draft.
Digging into the reasons which prompted the Finance Ministry to recall a project that they have approved in July last year, found that British American Tobacco Bangladesh (BATB), apparently convinced that the finance minister just a day before the meeting of the Cabinet retreat.
According to an official of the Ministry of Finance, the delegation of the multinational tobacco giant has met the Minister Abu Maal Abdul Muhith and handed him a letter, a copy of which is to
The letter claimed that the government would lose income if the law was passed.
The Minister in a note on the letter BATB told the National Board of Revenue chairman to look into it immediately. Muhith also asked who initiated the amendments made.
The Minister can not be reached immediately for comment.
But anti-tobacco campaign, said pressure from the tobacco companies was not unexpected. “It’s part of our struggle”, Taifur Rahman, coordinator of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, told
He said that, if passed, the draft amendment would be “great.” “But it does not reduce government revenue collection immediately. It will take years,” he said, arguing that people will not give up the habit quickly because by law.
He urged the intervention of the Prime Minister, in this case.
BATB in a letter stated that they pay for Tk 73300000000 revenues each year and, in conjunction with local manufacturers of cigarettes, “thousands of people to work.
But experts say that the loss of jobs in the tobacco industry was not caused by actions on tobacco control, but also the companies increase their efforts to the mechanization of production to rise and save money on improving efficiency and reducing payments to farmers.
Dr Sohel Reza Choudhury, organizing secretary of the United Forum for Tobacco Control, a group of doctors, said that the World Health Organization in 2004 estimated that Bangladesh spend twice the money it receives from the tobacco manufacturers for the treatment of tobacco-related diseases.
He said that such diseases cause nearly 57,000 deaths and 382,000 disabled people in Bangladesh It takes time to come,” he said.
Chairman of the Forum, Professor of National Dr. Abdul Malik, said: “invisible hand” has always been active, to prevent the process to implement strict anti-smoking law.
“We must work together to conquer our opponents strengths (tobacco companies),” he said, adding that the law was “essential to ensure public health security.
For Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2009, the latest available data, at least 41.3 million people aged over 15 used tobacco in the smoke or smokeless form in Bangladesh. The number was 32.3 million in 2007.
The calculations show 5400000000000 cigarettes consumed in developing countries are about 70 percent of total world consumption of tobacco.
According to experts, tobacco use has declined in developed countries, but increased in developing countries due to weak legislation on tobacco control.
The World Health Organization says “Very poor” families in countries such as Bangladesh, Indonesia, Mexico and Egypt, spend up to 15 percent of their income to purchase tobacco products.

Fruit of tobacco intended for children, FL

Rainbow Fruit blunts, line the shelves behind the counter at the convenience of Eustis Mobil store on U.S. Highway 441.
Tobacco users have a choice: apple, grape, peach and more. But the movement is gaining momentum throughout the state of the flavored tobacco. Local officials say candy, the taste and bright, colorful wraps are designed to attract children’s attention and get them hooked on tobacco products.
About 100 resolutions – including several in Central Florida – have been adopted throughout the state, urging the company to stop selling fruit and liqueur with the taste of tobacco, including cigars, chewing tobacco and snuff.
“Young people perceive these products are safe, both because of the taste of candy,” said Dr. Bonnie Sorensen, director of the Volusia County Health Department.
Although scented products seem “benign,” Sorensen warned they are addictive as regular cigarettes. As part of the movement against flavored tobacco, she talked with government officials in several cities in Volusia, including Port Orange, who has decided to ask him to quit the business sale. Kissimmee, St. Cloud and Lake Mary have also adopted the resolution.
Lake County this month became the latest Central Florida to join the efforts of the government after the Department of Health officials cited the 2010 poll found one in five middle school students and reported using flavored tobacco. Of the more than 40 shops studied, health officials said that all carried the flavored tobacco products.
In Orange, more than 150 stores were surveyed, and all done by different flavored tobacco, said Mary Petiprin, tobacco prevention specialist of the Department of Health District. One of six children from 11 to 17 reported using flavored tobacco, which they get from the older teens, Petiprin said. She plans to ask city and county officials to adopt a resolution in a month or two. Osceola Health Department officials are working with the district on a similar resolution.
Flavored cigars have been around for many years. Nevertheless, dozens of new flavors were introduced to the market, said Sorensen. Tobacco pellets, which resemble Tic Tac mints and toothpicks nicotine connections are also available, she said. Many of these products have been creeping into the local convenience store area in the last two or three years, said Sorensen.
Tobacco pellets and sun, kind of smokeless tobacco products are manufactured by RJ Company Reynolds Tobacco, but do not focus on children, said John Singleton, director of communications at the parent company, Reynolds American Inc He said RJ Reynolds, the second largest cigarette manufacturer in the U.S., working with an average schools across the country to prevent children from smoking.
“We are in line with the aim of this work,” says Singleton. “We have another way to go about doing this, though.”
State and local authorities should work to ensure compliance with laws that prohibit minors from smoking and stiffer penalties for people who are selling or providing tobacco to children, rather than a ban flavored tobacco, Singleton said.
Others also questioned the need for resolutions that have no teeth. Local authorities can not ban tobacco in their communities so that they are at the mercy of retailers to put out the scented products. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration, which has the authority to regulate tobacco, flavored cigarettes banned, except for menthol, in 2009. Petiprin the federal government needs to take other flavored tobacco products, as a serious threat to children.
But Lake County Commissioner Jennifer Hill, who voted against the resolution earlier this month, called it a “slippery slope” for local governments to seek retailers not to sell flavored tobacco. She asked whether the wine and chocolate and cotton candy vodka will be next on the list of matches.
Geoff Baker, a convenience store owner Eustis, said it would be difficult to convince businesses that are already prohibited from selling tobacco to minors voluntarily discarded fruit items, which are also legally be sold only to adults.
“It makes no sense,” he said, adding that such responsibility lies with the parents.
Nevertheless, Petiprin said that parents often do not realize that their children use the flavored tobacco. Brilliant and colorful candy wrappers, as can be deceiving, she said.
Robert Hurtado, 17, Orlando said she did not know, candy flavored tobacco existed until she heard about it in the students working against tobacco program at Pine Castle Christian Academy. Robert, president of the group, and then began to focus more on the juicy taste of her visits to the stores.
“It’s like Starbursts” Hurtado said the class, which includes strawberry, cherry and orange. “I can not believe companies are so desperate to users that they will be targeted at children. Advisable to meddle with the health and minds of children, it’s dirty.”

Tobacco-free policy

The Cancer Prevention and Research Institute in Texas announced earlier this month, a new tobacco-free policy for all current and future grants, which includes Texas and Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center.
Smoking is prohibited within 20 feet of the entrances to the buildings on campus.
Texas Tech
Taylor Eighmy, Vice President for Research at Texas, said the university received about $ 1 million from the institute since it was found, and hoped to get so much more.
“You can certainly understand why CPRIT would do something like this. Cancer is a terrible disease and it affects so many people. Relations between tobacco and cancer are very clear,” said Eighmy. “It’s probably not the first time (s), such as CPRIT, which distributes research dollars to help the fight against this disease in the implementation of these kinds of rules. We understand this and we will abide by this rule. It does not surprise us “.
Texas voters approved a constitutional amendment in 2007, the creation of CPRIT and authorizing the state provides $ 3 billion in bonds to fund innovative cancer research and prevention programs and services in Texas.
CPRIT has funded 364 awards for cancer research, commercialization and prevention since 2010, according to its website. Recipients CPRIT awards include 66 academic institutions, nonprofit organizations and private companies, all located in Texas.
The new policy applies to all institutions, organizations or companies that receive grants from CPRIT equal to or greater than $ 25,000 during the fiscal year. Tobacco-free policy covers all types of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, pipes, hookahs, electronic cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, snuff and chewing tobacco.
This rule requires the prohibition of tobacco products to employees and visitors to buildings and structures, where the CPRIT-funded projects will be held, as well as sidewalks, parking lots, walkways and parking structures attached in close proximity to the degree of CPRIT-funded Company owns leases or controls.
Texas Tech should be a review of current policy work, which requires the approval of Texas Tech University System Board of Regents, Eighmy said.
Tobacco-free policy will affect only the buildings, which conducts research funding CPRIT. Eighmy said the five buildings will be free of tobacco, including civil engineering, human sciences, agriculture and experimental sciences.
Details of compliance policies can not be made public until they are completed after the Board of Regents meets in March, Eighmy said.
Eighmy said the ban on tobacco town wide is a hot topic, but for now, the University pays special attention to this policy.
“I think it’s obvious that people can think and talk,” he said. At the moment … I think we will use it more than the entire scene mode. We are going to meet your specific requirements, which allow us to meet CPRIT (policy). ”
Student response to
Clint Elliott, a senior non-smoker, said that tobacco-free policy sounded good to him, until he realized policy include smokeless tobacco.
“I think it’s kind of dumb. Smokeless tobacco is not doing anything. I think it gives you a gum cancer, but it’s rare,” he said. “I think I’ll stay away from these buildings.”
Nelly Vanderhagen, a freshman who does not use tobacco products, said she believes that the new policy is a sound idea, but said she does not necessarily agree with him.
“Passive smoking is not good. I do not want to be around smokers. It’s a good idea for the environment and health…. I think they have the freedom to smoke (where they choose) within certain limits. Doors limit is good idea, but it should not change just because (Tech) receives funding. ”
Shely Miller, Senior Tech, said she had been smoking for almost three years. She said that CPRIT policy makes sense, and she has no problems with the rules. Before she became a smoker, it is annoying when people walk on it and blew into her face, she said.
It is not that the other student smokers will feel the same.
“The Human Sciences building, I do not think it will fly there,” she said. “There are a lot of smokers out there. They are always in front of the building. This is sort of their own culture. I guarantee many of these people will be upset.”
Howard Monsour, a senior who smoked outside the Arts Building on Thursday, said smoking since he was 13 years old.
Monsour said he believes he has the right to do what he wants and he should be able to smoke where he wants, but he understands the reasons for the new policy. However, he did not believe all smokers will comply.
“I think, frankly, people are smoking (in the tobacco-free areas). People who want to smoke in any case,” said Monsour. “We have laws, and there are always people who violate them.”
Doug STOCCO, executive vice president of research for the Texas Tech Health Sciences Center, said CPRIT awarded the HSC agencies more than $ 16.2 million since its inception, but the HSC will not depend on the new policy.
TTUHSC first issue of smoke free policies in all owned / managed buildings in September 1989. In September 2000, a change in policy was published, which makes building a tobacco-free environment since January 1, 2001. This policy prohibited the use of tobacco in TTUHSC facilities and in any place in any TTUHSC campus.
“CPRIT announcement was not a problem for us. We have been in compliance for at least 10 years,” said STOCCO. “People thought that agriculture should not prevent the promotion of healthy things.”
The current policy of HSC will be presented to the Board of Regents for approval at the next meeting, in accordance with the requirements of CPRIT, he added.
“We’re still ahead of the curve on all this. We really,” STOCCO said. “The reason is that in the late ’90s and early 2000s, we were very, very vibrant group here that was anti-smoking”.
Donna Bacchi, Lubbock doctor and wife of former Chancellor of Technology, David Smith, at the head of the center of HSC to prevent smoking, STOCCO said. The group is responsible for the smoking ban by many local restaurants, he said.
Another requirement of the new instrument of policy CPRIT funded are required to provide or refer to the use of tobacco cessation services to employees.
Eighmy said Tech employees who are interested in stopping the service can contact the staff to get directions.
STOCCO said Bacchi and her team also put in place HSC tobacco intervention program, services provided to individuals who want to quit smoking.
Because nicotine is addictive, like other drugs, those who try to quit smoking should have a plan and procedures for removing dependence, STOCCO said. Intervention program gives people that plan, he said.
“I 100 percent agree with the new policy ….” STOCCO said. “I do not think (CPRIT) uses it as a strong arm tactic, but looking at him any group of research and work to prevent cancer should have a policy, because we know the dangers of cigarettes and cancer. I welcome their efforts, and I think they’re right on the money. ”

Roll-your own tobacco shop owners like the expense of broadening the tax

Customer’s tobacco Mizer save the equivalent of $ 30 carton of cigarettes, tobacco free buying and hollow tube, and then rent a car that rolls his cigarettes.
“Each client has its own mix,” said Bob Mizer, owner of the store. “We have eight different types of tobacco here, and they can mix and blend to meet what they want.”
Ready-made cigarettes are cheap because they are not subject to the same state and federal taxes, as well as with companies that are considered producers in accordance with the laws of the State of Arizona.
Mizer said that this setup allows its operation and others like it to compete with the tobacco store Indian reservations, where customers pay less excise taxes.
That’s why Mizer and others roll their own store to say a bill moving the state legislature would be a mortal blow.
HB 2717, authored by Rep. Jim Weiers, R-Phoenix, would be classified as an enterprise with a cigarette in the mills as producers and subject them to the same regulations and taxes are the companies that make finished cigarettes.
House Commerce Committee approved the bill Feb. 15 to 5.3 votes, sending it to the full house in the form of the Rules Committee.
Mizer said the loss of tax benefits would be only part of the problem, if the bill becomes law.
If he had been classified as a producer, he will be obliged to obtain a state license production. However, those seeking a state license must first obtain a federal license to manufacture, and with that comes a ban on selling directly to customers in the area where they produce cigarettes.
Mizer said that they have no choice but to denial of his three rolling machines, which together cost him about $ 100,000. And because his business depends heavily on them, he said that the need to close and put his 13 employees out of work.
“It’s like a Catch-22,” said Mizer. “You say that we are manufacturers, but we can not obtain a license. We’re going out of business if this bill passes.”
This is not the first attempt to classify the retail roll your own car manufacturers. In 2010, the U.S. Department of Treasury Alcohol and tobacco tax and trade bureau issued a decree calling, but a federal court in Ohio granted the injunction in response to a lawsuit RYO Machine Rental LLC, which sells and rents out a roll of their own machines.
Jeffrey Burd, a lawyer representing the Ohio RYO Machine Rental, told lawmakers that he found the time this bill strange, given that a hearing on the suit of his company is scheduled for April.
Machines used a roll your own tobacco shops are not comparable with the machines used in major cigarette manufacturers, Burd, adding that it would take tobacco stores 16 hours of the camp to as many cigarettes as the car manufacturer is in a minute.
“It’s just a situation where the cigarette manufacturers would like to take comfort from the” add your own “clients, because they prefer that their product was purchased,” said Byrd.
John Mangum, a lawyer representing Altria Group, formerly known as Philip Morris Company Inc, which manufactures cigarettes under brands including Marlboro, told the committee that without the law customers migrate to stores such as in the Mizer. This would reduce the revenue of $ 1.01 per pack federal tax producers and $ 2 for the tax status of the package manufacturer, he said.
Parts and taxes will be spent on anti-smoking programs.
“It is not clear tax advantages”, Mangum said. “What we’re trying to do is to restore what we would call a level playing field.”
Byrd said the machine shop of tobacco does not cause people to roll their own cigarettes, but this is only for the convenience of people who have been rolling their own cigarettes for less efficient cars at home.
“There is no tax loophole,” he said.
Groups joining Altria Group in support of the signing of the bill include Reynolds American Inc, Arizona retail cigar associations and associations of America.
Groups joining RYO rental Car Company and owners of shops, including Mizer, in opposing the bill included Goldwater Institute, an independent watchdog group that promotes limited government and free enterprise.
In voting for the bill, Weiers said the issue boils down to making sure that no business has an unfair advantage when it comes to taxes.
“This is a very touchy issue with me because it goes to the very nerve that I believe that when it comes to taxes and how stupid people are” Weiers said.
Reps. Rick Gray, R-Sun City, Bob Robson, R-Chandler, and JD Mesnard, R-Chandler, voted against the bill.
“If I go out and rent all the equipment necessary to do landscaping, it makes me landscaper? All this really makes sense,” said Robson.

Altria aims to engage wide smokers

Smokers today are more open to trying different types of tobacco smokers than in previous generations, and Altria Group Inc is working on new products to entice consumers who want to change from cigarettes, the company said.
The company, best known for its, and stood on the profit forecast it gave in late January. Altria, whose other products include Skoal and Copenhagen smokeless tobacco, and black and mild cigars, there is a shift in the use of tobacco in the United States. While the number of smokers, both cigarettes and cigars remained relatively flat, the use of smokeless tobacco has increased. However, Marlboro – with 42 percent of the retail market in the cigarette industry – remains the dominant brand in the portfolio of Altria.
Some smokers try alternative products such as smokeless tobacco, amid concerns about the health risks of smoking.
Altria is recommended at the beginning of sales of its new brand of Marlboro Black, Vice-Chairman Dave Beran told analysts and investors at the annual Consumer Analyst Group of New York, or CAGNY, conference held in Boca Raton, Florida.
Black Marlboro, which Philip Morris, Altria unit in the United States began shipping in December, was more than 1 percent of the retail market earlier this month, said Beran, who is about to become president of Altria and chief operating officer in May.
The new product is what the company calls a bold, contemporary spin on the traditional brand, and is packaged in a black box for menthol and menthol varieties.
Marlboro brand was 42 per cent market share in 2011, compared to 42.6 percent in 2010. Marlboro is a best-selling cigarette in all U.S. states, but, like other cigarettes threatens to further reduce the number of American smokers.
Altria said that he did not see big changes in the structure of premium and discount brands.
There has been some volatility among price-sensitive buyers who are looking for suggestions and a shift between different brands of discounts, but consumers who buy premium products, as a rule, loyal, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Mike Szymanczyk told reporters at the conference.
About 90 percent of smokers, Marlboro buy only that brand, according to a study of the company.
Altria also expects adjusted earnings to grow by 6 to 9 percent in 2012, ranging from $ 2.17 to $ 2.23 per share, executives said on Wednesday.
Analysts on average had expected Altria, to earn $ 2.20 per share, according to Thomson Reuters I / B / E / S.
Over time, Altria still aims to post average annual adjusted earnings per share growth of 7 percent to 9 percent dividend and issue that is growing in line with its adjusted earnings per share growth.
Szymanczyk said last month that he intends to resign in May, and will, as Chairman and CEO Marty Barrington.
Shares of Altria rose 0.3 percent to $ 29.71 Wednesday afternoon on the New York Stock Exchange.

Tobacco output, but deviates from the target

Tobacco production in Zimbabwe will continue its recovery this year, but the output can be less than the projected 150 million kg due to limited funding and erratic rainfall, the farmers said the auction season opens on Wednesday.
Tobacco, Zimbabwe, which has brought about 400 million U.S. dollars in 2011, behind mining, the leading foreign exchange earner in the country, after President Robert Mugabe’s seizure of white farms saw the production of most major crops falls.
Tobacco production fell to 48 million kg in 2008 from a peak of 236 million kg in 2000.
Small farmers have led the rebound, based on the use of a stable foreign currency by the Government to replace the local unit destroyed by hyperinflation, and funding from China – which currently dominates the market previously controlled by Western traders.
Marketing Council of the tobacco industry (TIMB), which regulates the sector in Zimbabwe, said he expects production to reach 150 million kg this year, compared with 131 million kg before, but farmers say that the goal can not be achieved.
“We will be happy if we could match the production of last year. Rainfall has been patchy, and many farmers abandoned due to lack of funding, so we’re unlikely to see a significant jump in output,” Zimbabwe Farmers Union vice-president of Berean Mukwende told Reuters during a ceremony to mark the official start of trading.
More than 50,000 mostly small black farmers have in producing much of the harvest, when the reserve of white commercial farmers.
Tobacco Farmer Elphanos Mashingaidze said that although the output is unlikely to change from the previous year, farmers are expected to stronger prices at this time.
“Today’s opening price, for what is generally low quality of tobacco, gives us confidence that this year the price could be better,” said Mashingaidze. “We have an average price of $ 4.50 per kg to the farm profitable.”
He said that while Chinese firms financed by some farmers on contract growing schemes and buy about 75 percent of the harvest, many farmers are still trying to get bank loans to finance their operations.

Indonesia Activists Push Probe of Dropped Tobacco Clause

Tobacco control activists are continuing their long campaign against the lawmakers were accused of removing a key point with the 2009 Health Bill, requiring the police to stop investigating the case will be restored.
Ki Agus Ahmad, a lawyer for the Coalition of Anti-Corruption Office of Tobacco Control points (Kakar), said the group filed a petition to the South Jakarta District Court on Monday that police tried to cancel the order to abandon the investigation.
We require that the general crime unit of the national police to reopen the investigation into why the article was removed, and refer the matter to the Office of the Attorney General for prosecution, “he told reporters outside the courthouse.
The dispute related to the revelation, soon after the adoption of the amendment of medical law in 2009 that the item classification of tobacco as an addictive substance has not been included in the final draft.
Critics have argued that this was done on the orders of a powerful lobby of tobacco in the country, and the House of Representatives acted quickly to restore the situation. Kakar, led by Hakim Sorimuda Pohan, a former lawmaker who helped draft the amended bill, then reported Ribka Tjiptaning, the chairwoman of the House’s health oversight commission, to the police for the omission.
The case against her was dismissed in October 2010, police said inaction is not a crime.
Agus said the police interpretation of the case was flawed, arguing that under the Criminal Code, Ribka and two other legislators responsible for the final draft, Aisyah Salekan and Maryani Baramuli, may be charged with falsifying documents and forging signatures.
The offenses carry maximum prison sentence of seven years.
“The fact that the omitted item was recovered does not prevent us from pursuing criminal charges against those legislators who should be held accountable for their actions,” said Agus.
Testifying at Monday’s hearing, Adj. Sr. Comr. Yusmar Latief, a representative of a unit of police crimes, said the decision to dismiss the case was
based on recommendations from well-known criminal law expert Chairul Huda, a reservation that inaction is not a crime.
He also acknowledged that among the evidence collected before the case was dismissed handwritten notes were signed by Ribka, Aisyah and Maryani, who said that “the change. Article 113, paragraph 2, which will be dropped.”
He said that while this version is limited to the bill was passed by the House, the actual project, which was sent to the Ministry of Health and the State Secretariat for signature by the president retained the dropped item.
“We have confirmed that the law is signed by the President in paragraph question, so our arguments that there was no crime committed by three legislators,” said Yusmar.

Nelson, tobacco farmers, sin tax

I’m not a fan of Willie Nelson and his country western music. But I can not forget his collaboration with Wynton Marsalis, my idol for being one of the greatest trumpeters, and acts as a jazz and classical music. Nelson and Marsalis teamed up to play good music and released an album entitled “Two and a Blues.”
I like the blues, too. And I highly recommend Nelson and Marsalis album. Their interpretation, such as “Georgia on My Mind” gentle and sweet yet retains a shade of sadness.
So, I remember Willie Nelson for two things: first, his collaboration with Marsalis, playing and singing the blues; and second, his famous quote about farmers.
That quote well applies to the specific situation of our tobacco farmers.
Members of the House of Representatives of the tobacco growing regions of the resistance of tobacco tax reforms that the Aquino administration wants the legislation. In opposing the administration bill, these legislators — collectively called the Northern Alliance — invoke the plight of the tobacco farmers.
Their argument is simple. A significant increase in tobacco taxes will lead to a reduction of tobacco products and, therefore, adversely affect the farmers. But the threat to farmers is not supported by facts.
The truth is that tobacco farmers can shift from tobacco farming to other crops, without much difficulty. Rene Rafael Espino, a professor of agriculture at the University of the Philippines at Los Baños, said that the soil and climate found in places where tobacco is grown are suitable for other crops such as vegetables, peanuts, corn and mungbean.
The choice of the farmer harvest should be developed mainly determined by the cost-effectiveness, as well as information and knowledge management, market support, as well as providing materials. The task of the government, it will provide support in terms of access to markets, inputs and technology.
The Ministry of Agriculture under the direction of the Secretary prosaic Alcala is fully aware of this and takes the necessary measures to meet the needs of farmers as they move from the cultivation of tobacco.
The fact is, too, that many farmers over the years have passed from the tobacco production of other crops. According to the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics show that tobacco products has decreased from 81723000 metric tons in 1990 to 40,529.77 metric tons in 2010. The peak of production during the 20-year period (1990-2010) amounted to 120,000 tons in 1992. But production plummeted to less than 60,000 metric tons in 1994 and subsequently declined in subsequent years. In addition, ha devoted to tobacco growing has decreased from 63,200 hectares in 1990 to 29,707 hectares in 2010.
In other words, tobacco production declined not because of high taxes (in the Philippines with one of the lowest tobacco taxes in the world). It should also be emphasized that under the current regime, where the rules have contributed to the monopoly of tobacco have to deal with monophony, which dictate prices.
All of this suggests that tobacco is no longer profitable or other crops, yield higher economic benefits for farmers. An empirical study entitled “Review of the tobacco growing areas in the Philippines”, in collaboration with Rene Rafael Espino, Danilo Evangelista, and Edgardo Ulysses Dorotheo and published in 2008, has the following conclusion:“In terms of income, vegetable, provided that high-income farmers, although this requires higher input costs and lower labor requirements compared to the Virginia brand of cigarettes. Corn, moonlight, and peanut farmers also prefer mainly due to low demand Employment and income provided along with tobacco. Thus, farmers tend to have more time to engage in other activities while at the same
The study found that “corn, beans [moonbeam, beans, and peanuts] and various kinds of vegetables, [tomatoes, eggplant, garlic, onions, etc.] are the preferred crop farmers to grow.”
This production of tobacco is a “sunset industry” Obviously; even government officials acknowledge the tobacco field. We had the opportunity to talk with Mary Jane Ortega, charming, polite, articulate and elegant ladies, three terms Mayor of San Fernando in La Union, and the wife of Rep. Victor Ortega, who happens to be president of the Northern Alliance. Ms. Ortega told us that she and Rep. Ortega understand that the tobacco industry is the sunset. Thus, her husband was trying to promote new industries as the production of honey and silk. Unfortunately, support for the market did not come, then, that the government could decide if a more interventionist.
Tax reform will benefit all sin, including tobacco. The increase in excise taxes on tobacco to fund public goods, especially universal health care, and will strengthen the macroeconomic environment, thus creating more jobs and reduce poverty. Tobacco will not only benefit from the provision of public goods, but also from the trust funds (15% of additional revenue from the excise tax on tobacco products) to be “exclusively used for programs to promote economically viable alternatives for farmers and workers.”
In conclusion, the champions and supporters of the bill to reform the tax on tobacco products are the ones who can claim that Willie Nelson said. “While there are a few farmers out there, we’ll continue to fight for them”

Campus smoking ban sparks debate

Efforts by the university in line with the new anti-smoking requirements from their suppliers of funds caused a controversy, which areas of UT such a policy can affect.
Cancer Prevention Resources Institute of Texas has released guidelines on February 2 by calling for all current and future research entity receiving funding from their institution to take a tobacco-free policy by March 1. UT spokeswoman Adrienne Howarth-Moore said the current policy deals only with AT smoking on campus and does not affect other forms of tobacco use.
UT has received more than $ 30 million for cancer research from the CPRIT and plans to apply for about $ 88 million next year. CPRIT was established constitutional amendment in Texas in 2007, which authorized government to put $ 3 billion for cancer research. To date, 364 grants awarded CPRIT and nearly $ 600 million in Texas, according to its officials.
Howarth-Moore said that the wording of the principles of CPRIT do you create a new tobacco policy a complicated process. She said that many professors at the university to do cancer research in places such as L. Theo Bellmont Hall, Robert Welch Hall and the main building, but the study could change places for a semester, which casts doubt on exactly where these enforcements will be done.
“We’re trying to find out what affects our campus,” Howarth-Moore said, “and how many buildings we CPRIT funded activities comes in. list continues to grow how to identify different resources.”
Howarth-Moore said she did not expect resistance from the system of UT, if the University decides to implement campus-wide ban on tobacco use or other policy changes. She said any policy adopted by the UT will not be enforced by a fine, but with education, communication and channeling resources for smoking cessation.
Politics CPRIT includes all buildings and structures, where funded research is the place to be free of tobacco, including sidewalks, parking lots, walkways, and in close proximity to parking and attached structures. This policy applies to all property owned, operated, lease, occupy or control of the UT.
Rebecca Garcia, director of prevention CPRIT, said CPRIT adopted a policy, because all tobacco products are harmful and are associated with various diseases and cancer. Garcia said about 24,000 Texans die each year from tobacco-related diseases and that tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable illness and death in Texas.
“We hope that the tobacco is gone, but we understand that some may continue to use these products, and that this policy may make it more inconvenient for them,” Garcia said. “By adopting this policy, CPRIT sends a message that we want to work with organizations that share our mission and how seriously the fight against cancer as we do.”
Eric Frahm, Chairman of the Board staff, said the Council staff had originally been against the decision of the Student Government’s call for smoke-free campus in 2011 due to the restrictive nature of the proposal. Fram said employees do not have a flexible schedule that students and teachers are doing, and SG policy would be very hard to staff, some of which are only two 15-minute breaks per day.
“In the past, there were enforcement issues and why we need it and who has the right to dictate what health looks like,” Fram said. “Nowadays, it refers to sources of funding for cancer, and that changes the game plan.”
Frahm said that many members of staff still have concerns over the implementation of tobacco policies on campus. She said Council staff will work with the UT administration to find ways for the fair enforcement of tobacco policies on campus, and to ensure that the administration understands that there are people with different lifestyles.
Anthony Pekowski, radio-television movies, Sr., said he started smoking when he was 14 years and considers himself addicted to tobacco. Pekowski said he smokes between classes to help him concentrate and participate in class, and the prohibition of tobacco harms his ability to be a good student.
“I’m totally against it,” said Pekowski. “I think that coming to my right and freedom, my student and as a citizen. I will continue to smoke, even if they are to ban tobacco.”
Matt Portillo, music and rhetoric and writing and a former senior representative of the entire university, said that he was against the resolution, Student Government last year and is opposed to the ban of tobacco this year. Portillo said it was unfair to ask students and guests of the university to change their way of life while on campus.
“I think this is a very stubborn and insensitive thing to any outside organization research money to hang out in front of us and say, ‘Do you want to, but your long list of things to do to get it,” Portillo said.

Tobacco award thrown out for widow of Ocala man

An appeals court on Tuesday overturned the ruling, RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company to pay $ 40.8 million penalty to the widow of man Ocala, who died of lung cancer after smoking the company’s cigarettes.
The decision of the 1st District Court of Appeal may have implications for flooding, smoking-related lawsuits moving through the Florida courts. Despite the punitive damages decision, the appellate court upheld the jury an additional $ 10.8 million “compensatory” damages in the 1995 death of Frank Townsend – the largest number of supported him in this case.
Three-judge panel found that $ 40.8 million penalty handed to the widow of Townsend, Lyantie, was “constitutionally excessive.” He ruled that the case be sent back to Alachua County court, where it was originally heard, so that the jury or the judge may award a lower amount of punitive damages.
In the decision the judge has repeatedly criticized the cigarette manufacturer, stating that it “is replete with evidence of many years of senseless and wanton conduct RJR” in the marketing of products knew it was addictive, hidden danger to the health and deceive the public.
The fact is, one of the thousands of lawsuits against tobacco companies, arising from the 2006 Florida Supreme Court decision. This solution is defined such claims should be heard separately and not as a class action, but it also established the critical conclusions about the health risks of smoking and the misrepresentation of cigarettes.
An important issue in those cases – known as “Engle progeny” cases – is the amount of damages that tobacco companies may be forced to pay.
As an example, the 1st District Court of Appeal heard arguments in October in a case in which a Levy County jury awarded $72 million in punitive damages and $7.2 million in compensatory damages to the daughter of a dead smoker. That case remains pending.
The ruling on Tuesday said that the Townsends were married for 39 years before her husband died at the age of 59. He said Lyantie Townsend care of her husband as he lay dying in the last six months of his life and that his death would have “an acute effect on (his wife) for life.”
The jury in 2010 determined that the case is justified $ 80 million penalty and $ 10.8 million in damages to compensate for Lyantie Townsend on issues such as pain and suffering and loss of consortium.
The actual amount that the widow receives, however, were reduced to $ 40.8 million penalty and $ 5.5 million in damages because the jury determined that Frank Townsend 49 percent to blame for his death, and RJ Reynolds was 51 percent of guilt.
While the compensatory damage amount was reduced, the ruling on Tuesday focused on the total $ 10.8 million verdict. Divided three-judge whether this amount should be satisfied with the judges, William Van Nortwick and Simone Marstiller its approval, and T. Kent Wetherell said that it was excessive.
Wetherell wrote that the amount of $ 10.8 million “shocks the judicial conscience of mine.”
“I have no doubt that (the widow), suffering from the loss of her husband is a real and substantial, and … I’ll admit that these types of injuries are inherently difficult to measure, and that the problem that, as a rule, remains on the jury,” Wetherell wrote. “Nevertheless, the jury did not have complete freedom of action to include widows lifelong smokers decamillionaires simply because RJR is a” deep-pocket defendant, and contemporary popular villain and economic losses are difficult to measure. “