Prevention of disease and death is a big problem for the government. Mass death by road and rail accident or natural disasters creates grave consequences in the society.
But one of the silent killers, tobacco has yet to truly define despite massive anti-smoking drive around the world. Initiatives for tobacco control are not satisfactory, although smoking kills 57,000 people over the age of 30 years and causes 382,000 disabled people in a year.
In order to combat tobacco use, 100 percent smoking areas, ban on advertising of tobacco pictorial warnings on tobacco packages \ and high taxes are recognized as effective measures together with the awareness of the effects of tobacco. But the group opposes these initiatives argue about the decline in employment, income and its impact on the poor. But it is important to ask whether we should accept and encourage the killing of such products at the expense of people’s illnesses and deaths.
Tobacco growing and production benefits the owners of the company and certain sacrifices of farmers, workers and consumers, but they (farmers, workers and consumers) that are used for tobacco control. In accordance with the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the parties (the government) should take measures to increase taxes on tobacco. But the tax measures failed to adequately raise prices on tobacco, which might otherwise be a deterrent to tobacco use.
Thus, although the price of everyday goods will increase significantly, the price of tobacco products do not increase accordingly. In a study conducted by the World Bank (WB) and World Health Organization (WHO) shows that 10 per cent increase in the price of tobacco significantly reduces mortality and morbidity in developed and developing countries.
Among the damage of tobacco, one is its agriculture. Tobacco cultivation in the agricultural land and the felling of trees for the treatment of tobacco leaves is the cause of the destruction of forests and creates a shortage of food was accompanied by serious disturbances in the ecosystem. We live in a small country with a huge population. Tobacco in arable land threatens food security, environment and human health. Tobacco is an aggressive invasion of many of the barns, it is cultivated in 74,000 hectares of land, which indicates a 68 percent increase in tobacco in the last couple of years.
Tobacco farming is not only a threat to food security; it harms the people in each stage, as well as – agriculture, manufacturing, and fabrication of treatment – because during the harvest of all family members, regardless of whether men, women and children, work in tobacco fields. Children are unlikely to go to school at the time. Tobacco has a serious impact on the lives of the poor. Studies show that 50 percent of children suffering from malnutrition can be saved if 69 percent of money spent on tobacco can be used as food.
Tobacco companies claim that high taxes will reduce income and employment. Studies show that tax revenue increases with a decrease in tobacco consumption. World Bank studies show that the annual cost of bidis can buy 485 billion eggs, or 29 billion kilograms of poultry meat, or 1.4 million tons of rice and 2.3 million rickshaws. Income received from the tobacco tax could be used for alternative employment for the poor. Tobacco taxes can take advantage of the government from three perspectives: firstly, the increase in revenue, and secondly, to improve public health and, finally, to earn income will facilitate the creation of jobs for the poor workers of tobacco.
Nothing could be more important than human life. Section 11 and Section 18 (1) of the Constitution of Bangladesh, a ban on drinking alcohol and even harmful Ayurvedic beverage was mentioned and it is important for tobacco control has been highlighted in the framework of Article 6 of the International Convention on Tobacco Control Treaty Framework Tobacco Control (FCTC) .Very often, the tobacco companies pride themselves as the highest tax payers. From this it should be able to suggest how much profit they make the imposition of the burden of disease and illness in society. Thus, it is irrational to apply to the company to pay compensation to the victims? In this context, it is also important to increase the tax on tobacco products in the national budget due recognition of the need to improve public health, environment and economy.